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Short-Term Memory

What You Need To Know About Short-Term Memory

 

short-term memoryHow many times have you experienced talking to somebody, asking his or her name, and immediately forgetting it once you return home? As you probably know already, such a situation can prove extremely embarrassing. You may think that something is terribly wrong with your memory. But before you worry too much, it’s important to learn what short term memory really is. And while you’re at it, it’s also helpful to learn about the 3 different stages of a memory. Keep reading to learn some useful tips to improve your short-term memory.

The 3 Stages Of Memory

Psychologists suggest that our memory consists of 3 stages: sensory memory, short term memory, and long-term memory.

Sensory memory only lasts less than half a second. It is responsible for enabling us to retain a sound, image, or any other sensation. This is then transferred into short-term memory.

It’s important to note that short term memory actually serves as a filter. Its function is to determine what memories to hold and what memories to discard. Those with value will then permanently move into long-term memory.

Long-term memory has the ability to store an unlimited amount of information for an extended period of time. If you think about it, our memory works just like a computer.

How Can You Boost Your Short Term Memory

Contrary to popular belief, improving your short-term memory is actually a simple process. The first thing you should do is to ensure that you focus on one thing at a time. You must be able to eliminate distractions so you can get unimportant things out of the way. This also enables you to better concentrate on what you want to remember.

You can also hold short-term memories better by making use of multiple senses. For instance, if you want to memorize a phone number, say it out loud. You can also jot it down as the act of writing improves your level of concentration. It is also beneficial to break up large information into smaller bits. This is the reason why phone numbers and ZIP codes are broken down into more memorable chunks.

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Living a more brain healthy lifestyle is also highly recommended. This involves eating the right food, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. You may also consider taking brain enhancing supplements. Just make sure to consult your doctor first to see whether you’re a good candidate.

You can always do something about your short term memory. Follow the tips above and you will surely see significant improvements in your cognitive function.